Who Needs Braces

Anyone might need braces.

We have considerable experience in treating children, teens and adults. For most people, a beautiful smile is the most obvious benefit of orthodontics. After your braces come off, you’ll feel more self-confident. During your treatment, we want you to feel as comfortable as possible.

Orthodontic Conditions


Crowding is the lack of space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws. The teeth may be twisted or displaced. Crowding occurs when there is disharmony in the tooth to jaw size relationship, or when the teeth are larger than the available space. Crowding can be caused by early or late loss of primary teeth, or improper eruption of teeth


Spacing, the opposite of crowding, is an excess of space between the permanent teeth, resulting in gaps between your teeth. This generally occurs when the teeth are smaller than the available space. Spacing can also be caused by protrusive teeth, missing or impacted teeth and abnormal tissue attachments


A crossbite can occur in the front and/or sides of the mouth. One or more upper teeth bite on the inside of the lower teeth. This can occur with a single tooth or multiple teeth. Early correction of crossbite is recommended.


An overbite occurs when the upper front teeth protrude over the lower front teeth. Generally there is not contact between the upper and lower front teeth. Overbite is due to a disproportionate amount of eruption of the front teeth, or over development of the bone that supports the teeth, and a front to back discrepancy in the growth of the upper or lower jaw.


An underbite is when the lower front teeth protrude past the upper front teeth. An underbite is usually caused by undergrowth of the upper jaw, overgrowth of the lower jaw, or a combination of the two. Underbite can also be cause by upright upper incisors, missing upper teeth or a combination of all of the above. Early correction of underbite is recommended.


An openbite is an insufficient vertical overlap of the teeth, i.e. when certain teeth, usually your front teeth, do not make contact with each other. An openbite can be caused by oral habits such as tongue thrust, finger or thumb sucking, or when the jaws don’t grow evenly. Timing of treatment is critical to the overall success of the therapy.

How Orthodontic Treatment Works

Orthodontic appliances can be made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. They may be removable or they may be brackets bonded to the teeth. By placing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction, braces slowly move teeth to a corrected position. This is a great time to wear braces! Gone are the days when a metal band with a bracket was placed around each tooth. You can choose brackets that are clear or metallic color. You can choose the color of the ties that hold the wire in brackets. Wires are also less noticeable than they used to be and the latest materials move teeth faster with less discomfort to patients. See the Introduction to Orthodontics video on the First Visit page.

Duration of Treatment

Treatment time typically ranges from one to three years, depending on the growth of the patient’s mouth and face and the severity of the problem. Patients grow at different rates and will respond variously to orthodontic treatment, so the time to case completion may differ from the original estimate. The patient’s diligent use of any prescribed rubber bands is an important factor in achieving the most efficient treatment. Interceptive, or early treatment procedures, may take as few as six months.